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Anxiety and depression - What they are

Anxiety is the physiological response to the perception of danger for one’s integrity.

 

Anxiety in itself is a normal basic emotion that, within certain boundaries, turns out to be physiological and constructive.

When the individuals can't manage it anylonger, they pass on to a kind of pathological anxiety which can create problems in their daily life. Generally, it can be defined as a state of activation of the organism when a situation is perceived as dangerous. It's an aware subject's physical state, characterised by the feeling of intense concern and fear. The combination of emotions such as fear, apprehension and worry, is often accompanied by the so called psychosomatic symptoms like palpitation, chest pains, nausea and/or tremor.

Anxiety disorders can be multiple and various:

  1. Generalized anxiety disorder
  2. Panic attacks disorder
  3. Phobia
  4. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  5. Post-Traumatic stress disorder

Associated with anxiety, sometimes another pathology can occur: DEPRESSION. It belongs to mood disorders and the most frequent symptoms that make it easily recognisable are dissatisfaction, sadness and a lack of pleasure in most daily activities. Those who suffer from depression live in a condition of stable discontent with negative and pessimistic thoughts about themselves and their future. Besides showing symptoms mainly linked to the emotional and affective domain, they also express cognitive symptoms that can lead to a lack of concentration in problem-solving or decisionmaking.

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