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More and more Italians suffer from Insomnia

Sleep disorders are increasing because of Covid-19

 

In the moment of uncertainty we have experienced and are still experiencing due to the pandemic emergency, the quality of sleep of the majority of Italians has undergone a radical deterioration, negatively affecting both physical and mental well-being.

 

With the spread of Covid-19 and the consequent restrictions imposed by the Italian Government, the usual habits and daily rhythms of Italian people have changed, modifying the human natural sleep-wake schedule. People have been forced to stay at home, that is why they have unintentionally started anticipating or postponing their sleep and changing the circadian rhythm (that is a natural, internal process that regulates the sleep-wake cycle and repeats on each rotation of the Earth every 24 hours).

 

All these changes, combined with the increase of stress and anxiety caused by the limitations, the future uncertainty and the concerns about the health, have brought to the increase of sleep disorders.

 

Insomnia is one of the main sleep disorders. It is characterized by the difficulty in falling asleep, staying asleep or the alteration of the quality of sleep that can be inadequate or unrefreshing. If neglected, insomnia can cause the increase of irritability, concentration difficulties and impossibility of performing the usual daily activities. In the most serious cases, insomnia can bring to the increase of mental, neurological and cardiometabolic illness.

 

Given that, it is extremely important to follow some good practices that help to restore the usual daily rhythms.

 

However, it is always recommended to talk to a doctor if these disorders keep showing.

 

Some useful tips to improve the quality of sleep

 

  • Make a lot of physical exercise during the day (in the morning or in the afternoon);
  • Try to go to sleep and wake up every day at the same time;
  • Try to relax before going to sleep (i.e. have a warm bath, listen to soothing music);
  • Try to sleep in a dark and silent room;
  • Try not to use smartphones, laptops or other devices before going to sleep because the artificially enlightened screens bring to a Hyperstimulation that does not facilitate the sleep. Although the smart working forces people to keep staying in front of the screen for hours, we need to switch all the devices off during the evening in order to promote a restful sleep. 
  • Try not to sleep in the afternoon;
  • Try not to drink beverages with caffeine.
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